I am an Assistant Professor in the School of Diplomacy and International Relations at Seton Hall University. I study civil war, self-determination, military intervention, and diplomacy by self-determination groups, as well as research design and North African politics. I am currently writing a book about the international sovereignty of separatist and self-determination movements, based on an original dataset I am collecting on diplomatic efforts by these aspiring states. I have been published in the Journal of Experimental Political Science, Foreign Affairs, and Foreign Policy.

I teach undergraduate and graduate courses on IR research methods, international security, civil war and intervention, terrorism, and Middle Eastern and North African politics.

I encourage first-generation college students to contact me if you have questions about choosing or applying to graduate school or pursuing academic careers, even if we never met before. I’ve been there, and I know how confusing academia looks from the outside. Reach out if you need help.



2019. Think Ahead: Cost Discounting and External Validity in Foreign Policy Survey Experiments, Journal of Experimental Political Science

Working Papers

Continuous Recognition: A Latent Variable Approach to Measuring International Sovereignty of Self-Determination Movements (under review)

Foulweather Friends: Violence and Third-Party Support in Self-Determination Conflicts (under review)

Led On: The United States’ On-again, Off-again Stance on MINURSO (book chapter; with Edder Zarate)

Shoestring Diplomacy: Aspiring States and International Lobbying for Self-Determination

Identifying Reputational Concerns in Audience Cost Experiments (with Nicholas Weller)

Unpacking the Unstated: The Effect of Informational Inequivalence on Treatment Effect Heterogeneity (with Nicholas Weller)

Policy and Popular Audience

2019. Can John Bolton Thaw Western Sahara’s Long-Frozen Conflict?, Foreign Policy

2019. In War Torn Western Sahara, These Old Cars Are The King And Queen, Jalopnik

2017. The Roots of the Catalan Independence Crisis: And What Madrid’s Next Steps Should Be, Foreign Affairs

2017. How Madrid Should Address the Catalonia Crisis: Negotiation With the Regional Government Is Key, Foreign Affairs

2017. Spain’s Flawed Response to the Catalonian Referendum: How Its Overreaction Legitimized the Call for Independence, Foreign Affairs



Investigating International Relations (Undergraduate)
International Conflict and Security (UG)
Research Methods – Policy Analysis (G)
Politics of Terror in the Middle East (UG & G)
Causes of War (G)
Civil Wars and Intervention (G, in Development)
Math for Social Science Statistics (Workshop)


Director, Middle-East specialization for Master of Arts in Diplomacy and International Relations
Founder and Director, Seton Hall Diplomacy Research Lab (DiploLab)


My CV can be downloaded here.